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Complete Syllable for Data Processing,Waec 2021/2022.

WAEC Data Processing Syllabus 

PREAMBLE

This examination syllabus is derived from the Senior Secondary School curriculum on Data Processing published by the NERDC. It is designed to test basic knowledge and skills acquisition in data processing. A conceptual approach was used in preparing the syllabus, considering areas that would encourage the development of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living.
This syllabus is not a teaching syllabus. It is an examination syllabus. Teachers are advised to use the national teaching syllabus for the teaching-learning process.

OBJECTIVES OF THE SYLLABUS
The objectives of the syllabus are to test candidates’
(i) acquisition of basic skills of data processing and management; 
(ii) level of competence in ICT applications that will promote the acquisition of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living in the global world; 
(iii) knowledge in the application of ICT in facilitating business transaction and education; 
(iv) preparedness for further studies in Data Processing and Management. 
EXAMINATION SCHEME
There will be two papers, Papers 1 and 2; both of which must be taken. Both papers too shall be composite and will be taken at one sitting.
PAPER 1: Will consist of forty multiple choice objective questions, all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.
PAPER 2: This shall consist of two sections, Sections A and B as follows:
Section A: Will consist of four essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer three of them in 1 hour. Each question will carry 20 marks.
Section B: Will be a test of practical work paper. It shall consist of two compulsory essay questions to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

DETAILED SYLLABUS
S/N TOPICS CONTENT NOTES INFORMATION AGE 1 History of Computers i. Computing devices.Candidates should identify the various computing devices since the beginning of counting/computing. ii. Concept of Number Should include the importance of system in computing. number system to computing. iii. Generations of Relate each generation with its Computer: first, second, characteristic feature. third, fourth, fifth describe each generation under the generations of following: year of development, computer.basic component/type of technology, speed of operation, storage capacity/component. 2 Data and Informationi. Definition of data and Differences between data and information. information should be emphasized ii. Types of Data. ii. Ways of handling Data. iii. Definition of Data. iv. Digitalization.

BASIC COMPUTING 3 Classification of Classify computers by: Computers Type, Size, Usage. 4Application of ICT in i. Uses of ICT in everyday The use and areas of ICT application everyday life activities.should be linked to societal ii. Impact of ICT in thedevelopment. society. 5 Components of i. Input Devices. Examples of each component should Computers ii. Output Devices. be treated and how they are used in iii. System Unit. data processing. iv. Storage Devices INFORMATION PROCESSING 6 The art of Information i. Definition of Information processingProcessing. ii. Steps involved in Description of each step involved in Information Processing. information processing is required. INFORMATION TRANSMISSION 7 Process of Information i. Definition of information transmission transmission. ii. Methods of transmitting Modes of information transmission information. such as visuals(newspaper), audio(radio, telephone), audio- visual(GSM, Television) are required. 8 Medium of Information i. Types of Information Medium of information transmission Transmission Transmission.such as radio, television, newspaper ii. Classification of means etc. of transmission. 9 Networking i. Meaning of Networking, Significance of networking should be Internet and Intranet. mentioned ii. Types of Networking.Types such as MAN, LAN, WAN should be treated. 10 Internet i. Definition of Internet. ii. Benefits of internetCandidates should be able to iii. Internet browsersdevelop skills in the use of various iv. Internet securityservices available on the internet v. Abuse of the Internet TOOLS FOR PROCESSING INFORMATION 11Operating System i. Definition of Operating System. ii. Types of Operating System. iii. Examples of OperatingDifferences between text (character) System. base interface and Graphical User Interface should be treated. iv. Functions of Operating System. 12 Word Processing i. Definition of Word Candidates should be able to make Processing. use of word processor to create and manipulate documents ii. Uses of Word Processing iii. Examples of word Processing software. iv. Starting, loading and exiting word processing v. Creating, saving and retrieving documents 13Spreadsheet i. Definition. Candidates should be able to make ii. Uses. use of spreadsheet to create and iii. Examples of manipulate worksheets Spreadshee t Applications. iv. Loading and exiting spreadsheets. v. Creating, saving and retrieving Spreadsheet 14Database Management i. Definition. i. Candidates should be able to use System ii. Uses. DBMS to create and manipulate iii. Examples of Database files. Database Applications. ii. Include examples of packages iv. Loading and exiting for database management such DBMS. as Microsoft Access. v. Creating, saving and retrieving database files. 15 Presentation Package i. Definition, uses, i. Candidates should be able to use examples. presentation programs to create ii. Loading and exiting and manipulate slides. Presentation programs. iii. Creating, saving and retrieving presentation files. 16 Web Design Packages i. Definition. Designing of web pages not ii. Uses. required. iii. Components. iv. Examples. 17 Graphic Packagesi. Definition. Focus should be placed on Corel ii. Uses of Graphic software Draw packages. iii. Examples of graphic packages. COMPUTER MAINTENANCE, ETHICS AND HUMAN ISSUES 18 Maintenance of i. General Cleaning. Candidates should take note of basic Computer ii. Battery Charging and maintenance procedures. replacement for portable systems and UPS. iii. DVD drive lens cleaning. iv. Details of Hardware maintenance. v. Details of Software maintenance. vi. Computer crash and Students should be able to ensure data recovery. data integrity and recover data after a crash 19 Computer Ethics i. Computer room Responsible ways of using and management ethics. securing computers ii. Laboratory rules and regulations. 20 Safety Measures i. The sitting arrangement. Importance of safety measures ii. Positioning of the should be emphasized. monitor, keyboard, CPU, mouse and any other peripheral devices. iii. Illuminating the computer room. iv. Maintaining a dust free environment. v. Keep liquid away from the computer room. 21 Career opportunities in i. Professions in computer. Data Processing ii. Qualities of a good data Duties of each processing professional. professional/professional bodies iii. Computer professional should be treated. bodies. 22 Computer Virus i. Definition. Destructive effects of virus infection ii. Types/Examples. on computers iii. Sources. iv. Signals of virus warning v. Virus prevention, detection and deletion. DATA MANAGEMENT 23 Relational Model i. Database and table Arranging data in tables and forms creation usingshould be emphasized application packages. ii. Creating relationships The concept of primary and foreign between tables keys, entities, attributes and relationships should be emphasized. iii. Creation of forms, Query language should be limited to queries and report. those available to the database application package (e.g. query by example , SQL). 24 File Organization i. Definition of File Comparison between the various organization. types of File Organization is ii. Types of File required. organization. 25 Database Security i. Concept of data Importance of securing data is security, access control required and data encryption. ii. Role of a database administrator. 26 Parallel and Distributed i. Basic concept of parallel Definitions of concepts is required databases and distributed database. Significance of storing data in a ii. Storing data in a distributed database management distributed database (DBM) system is also required.

LIST OF FACILITIES AND MAJOR EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS REQUIRED
The table below shows the minimum requirement for a class of fifty candidates.
 ITEM EQUIPMENT QUANTITY   NO. REQUIRED   1Pictures/Charts showing different computing devices 5   and other relevant information such as computers in a   network   2 Computer system with Graphical User Interface (GUI), 5    internet ready system;   3 Standard software packages such as Open Office, 1     Microsoft office etc.(Latest  version is desirable)   4 Multimedia systems and applications such as 1    projector, speakers  5 Graphic packages such as corel draw. 1  

PREAMBLE
This examination syllabus is derived from the Senior Secondary School curriculum on Data Processing published by the NERDC. It is designed to test basic knowledge and skills acquisition in data processing. A conceptual approach was used in preparing the syllabus, considering areas that would encourage the development of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living.
This syllabus is not a teaching syllabus. It is an examination syllabus. Teachers are advised to use the national teaching syllabus for the teaching-learning process.

OBJECTIVES OF THE SYLLABUS
The objectives of the syllabus are to test candidates’
(i) acquisition of basic skills of data processing and management; 
(ii) level of competence in ICT applications that will promote the acquisition of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living in the global world; 
(iii) knowledge in the application of ICT in facilitating business transaction and education; 
(iv) preparedness for further studies in Data Processing and Management. 

EXAMINATION SCHEME
There will be two papers, Papers 1 and 2; both of which must be taken. Both papers too shall be composite and will be taken at one sitting.
PAPER 1: Will consist of forty multiple choice objective questions, all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.
PAPER 2: This shall consist of two sections, Sections A and B as follows:
Section A: Will consist of four essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer three of them in 1 hour. Each question will carry 20 marks.
Section B: Will be a test of practical work paper. It shall consist of two compulsory essay questions to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

DETAILED SYLLABUS
S/N TOPICS CONTENT NOTES INFORMATION AGE 1 History of Computers i. Computing devices.Candidates should identify the various computing devices since the beginning of counting/computing. ii. Concept of Number Should include the importance of system in computing. number system to computing. iii. Generations of Relate each generation with its Computer: first, second, characteristic feature. third, fourth, fifth describe each generation under the generations of following: year of development, computer.basic component/type of technology, speed of operation, storage capacity/component. 2 Data and Informationi. Definition of data and Differences between data and information. information should be emphasized ii. Types of Data. ii. Ways of handling Data. iii. Definition of Data. iv. Digitalization.
BASIC COMPUTING 3 Classification of Classify computers by: Computers Type, Size, Usage. 4Application of ICT in i. Uses of ICT in everyday The use and areas of ICT application everyday life activities.should be linked to societal ii. Impact of ICT in thedevelopment. society. 5 Components of i. Input Devices. Examples of each component should Computers ii. Output Devices. be treated and how they are used in iii. System Unit. data processing. iv. Storage Devices INFORMATION PROCESSING

6 The art of Information i. Definition of Information processing Processing. ii. Steps involved in Description of each step involved in Information Processing.information processing is required. INFORMATION TRANSMISSION 7 Process of Information i. Definition of information transmission transmission. ii. Methods of transmitting Modes of information transmission information. such as visuals(newspaper), audio(radio, telephone), audio- visual(GSM, Television) are required. 8 Medium of Information i. Types of Information Medium of information transmission Transmission Transmission.such as radio, television, newspaper ii. Classification of means etc. of transmission. 9 Networking i. Meaning of Networking, Significance of networking should be Internet and Intranet. mentioned ii. Types of Networking.Types such as MAN, LAN, WAN should be treated. 10 Internet i. Definition of Internet. ii. Benefits of internetCandidates should be able to iii. Internet browsersdevelop skills in the use of various iv. Internet securityservices available on the internet v. Abuse of the Internet TOOLS FOR PROCESSING INFORMATION 11Operating System i. Definition of Operating System. ii. Types of Operating System. iii. Examples of OperatingDifferences between text (character) System. base interface and Graphical User Interface should be treated. iv. Functions of Operating System. 12 Word Processing i. Definition of Word Candidates should be able to make Processing. use of word processor to create and manipulate documents ii. Uses of Word Processing iii. Examples of word Processing software. iv. Starting, loading and exiting word processing v. Creating, saving and retrieving documents 13Spreadsheet i. Definition. Candidates should be able to make ii. Uses. use of spreadsheet to create and iii. Examples of manipulate worksheets Spreadshee t Applications. iv. Loading and exiting spreadsheets. v. Creating, saving and retrieving Spreadsheet 14Database Management i. Definition. i. Candidates should be able to use System ii. Uses. DBMS to create and manipulate iii. Examples of Database files. Database Applications. ii. Include examples of packages iv. Loading and exiting for database management such DBMS. as Microsoft Access. v. Creating, saving and retrieving database files. 15 Presentation Package i. Definition, uses, i. Candidates should be able to use examples. presentation programs to create ii. Loading and exiting and manipulate slides. Presentation programs. iii. Creating, saving and retrieving presentation files. 16 Web Design Packages i. Definition. Designing of web pages not ii. Uses. required. iii. Components. iv. Examples. 17 Graphic Packagesi. Definition. Focus should be placed on Corel ii. Uses of Graphic software Draw packages. iii. Examples of graphic packages. COMPUTER MAINTENANCE,

“ETHICS AND HUMAN ISSUES 18 Maintenance of i. General Cleaning. Candidates should take note of basic Computer ii. Battery Charging and maintenance procedures. replacement for portable systems and UPS. iii. DVD drive lens cleaning. iv. Details of Hardware maintenance. v. Details of Software maintenance. vi. Computer crash and Students should be able to ensure data recovery. data integrity and recover data after a crash 19 Computer Ethics i. Computer room Responsible ways of using and management ethics. securing computers ii. Laboratory rules and regulations. 20 Safety Measures i. The sitting arrangement. Importance of safety measures ii. Positioning of the should be emphasized. monitor, keyboard, CPU, mouse and any other peripheral devices. iii. Illuminating the computer room. iv. Maintaining a dust free environment. v. Keep liquid away from the computer room. 21 Career opportunities in i. Professions in computer. Data Processing ii. Qualities of a good data Duties of each processing professional. professional/professional bodies iii. Computer professional should be treated. bodies. 22 Computer Virus i. Definition. Destructive effects of virus infection ii. Types/Examples. on computers iii. Sources. iv. Signals of virus warning v. Virus prevention, detection and deletion. DATA MANAGEMENT 23 Relational Model i. Database and table Arranging data in tables and forms creation usingshould be emphasized application packages. ii. Creating relationships The concept of primary and foreign between tables keys, entities, attributes and relationships should be emphasized. iii. Creation of forms, Query language should be limited to queries and report. those available to the database application package (e.g. query by example , SQL). 24 File Organization i. Definition of File Comparison between the various organization. types of File Organization is ii. Types of File required. organization. 25 Database Security i. Concept of data Importance of securing data is security, access control required and data encryption. ii. Role of a database administrator. 26 Parallel and Distributed i. Basic concept of parallel Definitions of concepts is required databases and distributed database. Significance of storing data in a ii. Storing data in a distributed database management distributed database (DBM) system is also required”

LIST OF FACILITIES AND MAJOR EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS REQUIRED
The table below shows the minimum requirement for a class of fifty candidates.
ITEM EQUIPMENT QUANTITY NO. REQUIRED 1Pictures/Charts showing different computing devices 5 and other relevant information such as computers in a network 2 Computer system with Graphical User Interface (GUI), 5 internet ready system; 3 Standard software packages such as Open Office, 1 Microsoft office etc.(Latest version is desirable) 4 Multimedia systems and applications such as 1 projector, speakers 5 Graphic packages such as corel draw. 1
PREAMBLE
This examination syllabus is derived from the Senior Secondary School curriculum on Data Processing published by the NERDC. It is designed to test basic knowledge and skills acquisition in data processing. A conceptual approach was used in preparing the syllabus, considering areas that would encourage the development of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living.
This syllabus is not a teaching syllabus. It is an examination syllabus. Teachers are advised to use the national teaching syllabus for the teaching-learning process.
OBJECTIVES OF THE SYLLABUS
The objectives of the syllabus are to test candidates’
(i) acquisition of basic skills of data processing and management;
(ii) level of competence in ICT applications that will promote the acquisition of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living in the global world;
(iii) knowledge in the application of ICT in facilitating business transaction and education;
(iv) preparedness for further studies in Data Processing and Management.

EXAMINATION SCHEME
There will be two papers, Papers 1 and 2; both of which must be taken. Both papers too shall be composite and will be taken at one sitting.
PAPER 1: Will consist of forty multiple choice objective questions, all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.
PAPER 2: This shall consist of two sections, Sections A and B as follows:
Section A: Will consist of four essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer three of them in 1 hour. Each question will carry 20 marks.
Section B: Will be a test of practical work paper. It shall consist of two compulsory essay questions to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.
DETAILED SYLLABUS
S/N TOPICS CONTENT NOTES INFORMATION AGE 1 History of Computers i. Computing devices.Candidates should identify the various computing devices since the beginning of counting/computing. ii. Concept of Number Should include the importance of system in computing. number system to computing. iii. Generations of Relate each generation with its Computer: first, second, characteristic feature. third, fourth, fifth describe each generation under the generations of following: year of development, computer.basic component/type of technology, speed of operation, storage capacity/component. 2 Data and Informationi. Definition of data and Differences between data and information. information should be emphasized ii. Types of Data. ii. Ways of handling Data. iii. Definition of Data. iv. Digitalization. BASIC COMPUTING 3Classification of Classify computers by: Computers Type, Size, Usage. 4 Application of ICT in i. Uses of ICT in everyday The use and areas of ICT application everyday life activities. should be linked to societal ii. Impact of ICT in the development. society. 5 Components of i. Input Devices. Examples of each component should Computers ii. Output Devices. be treated and how they are used in iii. System Unit. data processing. iv. Storage Devices INFORMATION PROCESSING 6 The art of Information i. Definition of Information processingProcessing. ii. Steps involved in Description of each step involved in Information Processing. information processing is required. INFORMATION TRANSMISSION 7 Process of Information i. Definition of information transmission transmission. ii. Methods of transmitting Modes of information transmission information. such as visuals(newspaper), audio(radio, telephone), audio- visual(GSM, Television) are required. 8 Medium of Information i. Types of Information Medium of information transmission Transmission Transmission.such as radio, television, newspaper ii. Classification of means etc. of transmission. 9 Networking i. Meaning of Networking, Significance of networking should be Internet and Intranet. mentioned ii. Types of Networking.Types such as MAN, LAN, WAN should be treated. 10 Internet i. Definition of Internet. ii. Benefits of internetCandidates should be able to iii. Internet browsersdevelop skills in the use of various iv. Internet securityservices available on the internet v. Abuse of the Internet.

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TOOLS FOR PROCESSING INFORMATION 11Operating System i. Definition of Operating System. ii. Types of Operating System. iii. Examples of OperatingDifferences between text (character) System. base interface and Graphical User Interface should be treated. iv. Functions of Operating System. 12 Word Processing i. Definition of Word Candidates should be able to make Processing. use of word processor to create and manipulate documents ii. Uses of Word Processing iii. Examples of word Processing software. iv. Starting, loading and exiting word processing v. Creating, saving and retrieving documents 13Spreadsheet i. Definition. Candidates should be able to make ii. Uses. use of spreadsheet to create and iii. Examples of manipulate worksheets Spreadshee t Applications. iv. Loading and exiting spreadsheets. v. Creating, saving and retrieving Spreadsheet 14Database Management i. Definition. i. Candidates should be able to use System ii. Uses. DBMS to create and manipulate iii. Examples of Database files. Database Applications. ii. Include examples of packages iv. Loading and exiting for database management such DBMS. as Microsoft Access. v. Creating, saving and retrieving database files. 15 Presentation Package i. Definition, uses, i. Candidates should be able to use examples. presentation programs to create ii. Loading and exiting and manipulate slides. Presentation programs. iii. Creating, saving and retrieving presentation files. 16 Web Design Packages i. Definition. Designing of web pages not ii. Uses. required. iii. Components. iv. Examples. 17 Graphic Packagesi. Definition. Focus should be placed on Corel ii. Uses of Graphic software Draw packages. iii. Examples of graphic packages. COMPUTER MAINTENANCE, ETHICS AND HUMAN ISSUES 18 Maintenance of i. General Cleaning. Candidates should take note of basic Computer ii. Battery Charging and maintenance procedures. replacement for portable systems and UPS. iii. DVD drive lens cleaning. iv. Details of Hardware maintenance. v. Details of Software maintenance. vi. Computer crash and Students should be able to ensure data recovery. data integrity and recover data after a crash 19 Computer Ethics i. Computer room Responsible ways of using and management ethics. securing computers ii. Laboratory rules and regulations. 20 Safety Measures i. The sitting arrangement. Importance of safety measures ii. Positioning of the should be emphasized. monitor, keyboard, CPU, mouse and any other peripheral devices. iii. Illuminating the computer room. iv. Maintaining a dust free environment. v. Keep liquid away from the computer room. 21 Career opportunities in i. Professions in computer. Data Processing ii. Qualities of a good data Duties of each processing professional. professional/professional bodies iii. Computer professional should be treated. bodies. 22 Computer Virus i. Definition. Destructive effects of virus infection ii. Types/Examples. on computers iii. Sources. iv. Signals of virus warning v. Virus prevention, detection and deletion. DATA MANAGEMENT 23 Relational Model i. Database and table Arranging data in tables and forms creation usingshould be emphasized application packages. ii. Creating relationships The concept of primary and foreign between tables keys, entities, attributes and relationships should be emphasized. iii. Creation of forms, Query language should be limited to queries and report. those available to the database application package (e.g. query by example , SQL). 24 File Organization i. Definition of File Comparison between the various organization. types of File Organization is ii. Types of File required. organization. 25 Database Security i. Concept of data Importance of securing data is security, access control required and data encryption. ii. Role of a database administrator.

management ethics. securing computers ii. Laboratory rules and regulations. 20 Safety Measures i. The sitting arrangement. Importance of safety measures ii. Positioning of the should be emphasized. monitor, keyboard, CPU, mouse and any other peripheral devices. iii. Illuminating the computer room. iv. Maintaining a dust free environment. v. Keep liquid away from the computer room. 21 Career opportunities in i. Professions in computer. Data Processing ii. Qualities of a good data Duties of each processing professional. professional/professional bodies iii. Computer professional should be treated. bodies. 22 Computer Virus i. Definition. Destructive effects of virus infection ii. Types/Examples. on computers iii. Sources. iv. Signals of virus warning v. Virus prevention, detection and deletion. DATA MANAGEMENT 23 Relational Model i. Database and table Arranging data in tables and forms creation usingshould be emphasized application packages. ii. Creating relationships The concept of primary and foreign between tables keys, entities, attributes and relationships should be emphasized. iii. Creation of forms, Query language should be limited to queries and report. those available to the database application package (e.g. query by example , SQL). 24 File Organization i. Definition of File Comparison between the various organization. types of File Organization is ii. Types of File required. organization. 25 Database Security i. Concept of data Importance of securing data is security, access control required and data encryption. ii. Role of a database administrator.

LIST OF FACILITIES AND MAJOR EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS REQUIRED
The table below shows the minimum requirement for a class of fifty candidates.
ITEM EQUIPMENT QUANTITY NO. REQUIRED 1Pictures/Charts showing different computing devices 5 and other relevant information such as computers in a network 2 Computer system with Graphical User Interface (GUI), 5 internet ready system; 3 Standard software packages such as Open Office, 1 Microsoft office etc.(Latest version is desirable) 4 Multimedia systems and applications such as 1 projector, speakers 5 Graphic packages such as corel draw. 1

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