Friday, 26th February, 2021
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective)
9:30am – 10:45am
10:45am – 11:45pm
Literature-in-English 3 (Drama & Poetry)
3:00pm – 5:
Manfred is the ruler of Otranto, the grandson of the man who usurped Otranto from its former rulers. He is husband to Hippolita, and father to Matilda and Conrad. Quick to anger, clumsily manipulative, and at times illogical, he constantly prioritizes his lust for both power and Isabella over any faith or morals he may have. The story presents his overwhelming desire for power as indicative of both his, and his entire familial line’s, unsuitability for rulership. Fearing an ancient prophecy about the end of his reign, seeks first to secure his family’s rulership of Otranto by marrying his son Conrad to his ward Isabella, who through her father has a rightful claim. After Conrad dies, Manfred hunts for Isabella throughout the castle in order to produce a new heir who would have a rightful claim to rule. Despite his existing marriage to Hippolita, the fact that Isabella is his own ward, and Father Jerome’s admonitions, he seeks a divorce and almost manages to secure Isabella’s hand in marriage from her father Frederic. When his plans fail and he attempts to murder Isabella, he accidentally kills his own daughter. In shock at having murdered Matilda, he undergoes a drastic personal change: he repents, reveals that he is not the rightful ruler of Otranto, and retires to a convent as a monk.
revolves mostly around Baby T and the circumstances leading to her death. She was Maa Tsuru’s third child and Fofo’s elder sister. She got defiled early by Kpakpo and thereafter by Onko whom she trusted. She was sold into prostitution through Kpakpo’s gimmicks. A victim of parental neglect like her sister Fofo, Baby T’s badly beaten and mutilated body was found behind a kiosk in Agbogbloshie market.
How Baby T died
Kpakpo helped Onko to connect with Baby T once again. Poison eventually led Kpakpo to Maami Brooni’s brothel where Baby T worked as a prostitute. Baby T remembered what Onko did to her in the past and totally declined to sleep with him. Enraged at her refusal, Poison slapped and tried to beat her into submission. Baby T was found dead on the concrete floor with her head split open. She was alone with Onko in the room at the time of her death. Onko committed suicide thereafter.
WAEC GCE LITERATURE ANSWER
Fofo is Maa Tsuru’s last child with Kwei. The mother and her daughter developed a frosty relationship as the former was viewed by the latter a goods irresponsible.
In the early years of Fofo, before Baby T was sent out to live with Maami Broni, there was close affinity between Fofo and her mother. Fofo worked and whatever she earned on the streets she brought it to her mother, just like all the three other children did. This cast Maa Tsuru in a bad light in the eyes of readers, but not in the eyes of her daughter.
Maa Tsuru’s relationship with Fofo got strained when Baby T was sent away to stay with ‘the fat red woman’, Maami Broni. Fofo needed not wait to be raped and shipped out like it was done to her sister Baby T; she made the streets her home. She was fourteen but she visited home twice a year. Fofo did not feel loved as she saw her mother’s emotional dependence on her lover, Kpakpo. It seemed there was no room for love to grow between Fofo and Maa Tsuru from here on.
The effect of the severed love bond between mother and daughter is the latter’s accelerated growth while on the streets. Fofo sought security from her gang of friends especially Odarley. Fofo confesses to preferring living on the streets to living with her mother. Being out of her parent’s control introduced Fofo to the immoralities and assumed maturity on the street. As Fofo felt loved in Dina’s house, even her demeanour changed to suit the fourteen year old that she was.
Through Kabria and Sylv Po’s visit to Maa Tsuru, Fofo gets a chance to question her mother’s irresponsible nature. Maa Tsuru had no answers to Fofo’s questions just as she could not give any other option to Fofo apart from, “Go away from Accra” when Fofo inquired about why Poison attempted to rape her. Fofo from here knew she could not rely on her mother for protection; something that will come as a heavy blow to any fourteen year old. Kabria asked Fofo when inquiring about her rehabilitation process about staying with her mother again. Fofo’s answer was an emphatic ‘Never!’. This showed how sour the relationship between mother and daughter had turned.
Critically analyzing the relationship between Maa Tsuru and Fofo based on their decision making alone, the mother becomes the daughter while the daughter becomes the mother. Maa Tsuru’s poor decisions and infantile attitude suits more a teenager than a mother of six children. Fofo, the fourteen year old, seem to make the right choices guided by her instincts and naivety.
In the end, Maa Tsuru failed as Fofo’s mother and it took a once-in-a-life-time chance for Fofo to be saved off the jaws of the streets through the benevolence and motherly instincts of Kabria.
WAEC GCE LITERATURE DRAMA & POETRY
👇👇👇👇Literature-in-English 3 (Drama & Poetry)2hrs 30mins3:00pm – 5:30pm
(i)Patriotism and resistance to oppression: Kindo’s patriotic zeal saves the village of Mando from the vicious hands of Whitehead. When Whitehead refuses to accord King Santigi the respect he deserves, it is Kindo who restores it by putting Whitehead and his aide, Parker, where they truly belong beneath the King’s feet.
(ii)Greed: The marketers of this theme are whitehead, Maligu and Soko. The sole aim of these characters is to get rich at all costs. While Whitehead comes to the village of Mando with dubious intent to cart the people’s diamond away and become very rich, Maligu and Soko connive with Whitehead to carry out his intention and also get rich in the process. The theme of greed becomes evident when they begin to distrust one another and deplore strategies to eliminate each other to have a bigger part (if not all the parts) of the diamond wealth.
Truth and Falsehood; Thematically related to the theme of Appearance and Reality, Goldsmith uses falsehood to reveal the truth. Most obviously Tony’s lie about Mr. Hardcastle’s mansion being an inn produces the truth of the lovers’ affections. Lying also leads to poetic justice. When Constance asks to wear her jewels, Mrs. Hardcastle lies and tells her they have been lost. Tony takes the jewels to give to Hastings, and when Mrs. Hardcastle goes to find them, they have been lost. Her lie has become true.
The use of Imagery in the novel gbemisola adeoti’s is a wonderful poem, apart from metaphor, is also dominated by imagery. Land, whale, hawk and saber-tooth tiger all creates visual images in the mind of the reader. The reader is made to picture a whale that swallows a fisherman, a devouring saber-tooth tiger and a giant hawk hovering in search of a prey. In other words There are lot of symbolic expressions in the poem which enhance the poet’s message. Examples: “giant whale”, “giant hawk”, “petered out desires”, “sabre-toothed tiger”, “grizzled ones”.
WAEC GCE LITERATURE DRAMA & POETRY
The play is a masterpiece of dramatic irony, which is a device where the audience has information and knowledge that the characters do not. From the moment Tony plays the practical joke on Marlow and Hastings, the audience learns secrets that will grow more complicated and hence create confusion that leads to hilarious situations. The best example is perhaps the way Marlow and Hastings treat Hardcastle, because they think him a landlord. Because we understand the details of the confusions, we understand the jokes whereas the characters only grow more offended. However, the behavior wrought by the dramatic irony reveals much of Goldsmith’s view on humanity and class. The same example listed above is funny, but also shows the cruelty that comes from a rich man’s entitlement. Throughout the play, much of the class commentary derives from the behaviors people show when they don’t’ realize they are being judged. Kate exploits this to try and find out what kind of person Marlow actually is.
The First Experience of schoolboy is the Innocence of nature reminiscent of that in “The Introduction” from Innocence, some critics have pointed out the similarity of “The distant huntsman winds his horn” in this poem with “Piping down the valleys wild” in the “The Introduction” of Innocence. In other words we also see the oppression of natural by authority typical of Experience and continued through the rest of the poem. The School boy’ in the context of the whole work of Songs of Innocence and Songs of Experience. It was one of the four poems first published in Songs of Innocence that were moved to the Experience section of the 1794 edition. This raises the question, why?. It is one of the poem in Experience on the theme of childhood and is lighter in tone than either ‘The Little Vagabond’ or ‘Infant Sorrow’; two other poems on the same theme in Experience.
WAEC GCE LITERATURE DRAMA & POETRY
This sonnet celebrates the inestimable beauty of a lover. To depict this rare beauty, the poet evokes images of summer in all its splendor in the first three quatrains. First, although the poet views and admires summer for being lovely and temperate, he strongly believes that summer’s beauty can in no way be compared to his lover’s beauty. This is because while summer’s “lease” is short-lived, the persona’s lover’s beauty is not time bound.
Then, although summer’s weather can be both unstable and unpredictable since it is sometimes too hot and sometimes overcast, his lover’s beauty will ever remain untainted and serene. And then, to the poet, the lover’s beauty is not only unparalleled; it is also eternal. Death itself can never boast of oblitering beauty, for her beauty lives in the very poetry that celebrates her. The person’s celebration of his lover’s beauty is given the strongest expression in the concluding couplet which underlines his unwavering conviction that as generations of people read this poem, her immortality is assured.