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Waec GCE/Private Waec Geography Answer Page


Tuesday, 23rdFebruary, 2021

Geography 2(Essay)

Geography 1(Objective)

9:30am – 11:30am

11:30am – 12:30pm

Geography 3 (Practical and Physical Geography)

2:00pm – 3:50pm

1a)
(i) Favorable climate
(ii) Fertile soil
(iii) Natural attachment/Historical factors
(iv) Administrative headquarters
(v) employment opportunities
(vi) Presence of minerals

(1b)
(i) Large labour: High population provides large labour force for the industries

(ii) Large market : high population is a source of large market for goods produced by industries

(iii) Togetherness : many people are brought together and this can promote unity among diverse people in the country

(iv) Effective planning :with large population , concentration in an area , there is need for effective planning so that the towns can function properly

(v) Defense : Organized army in such areas is possible

GEOGRAPHY

(2a)
settlements are a city, town, village or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work

(2b) 
(i) isolated settlement consists of a single farm or house very remote from any other one, usually found in farming or hunting rural communities.

(ii) integrated nucleated and linear settlements combines the characteristics of both types of settlement and they are star-like.

(iii) linear or elongated settlement forms a straight or curved line, following a line of movement, such as a road, river, coastline or the foot of an elongated escarpment. 

(iv) dispersed settlement is made up of several houses, scattered or dispersed (as the name implies). One house may be up to one or more kilometers from the next.

(v) nucleated or compact settlement, the buildings are clustered, linked by roads, and the settlement itself may have a nearly circular or irregular shape.
.

4a)

1. Promotion of Cooperation and development.

2. Harmonization of Agricultural, Economic, Monetary and Industrial Policies.

3. Abolition of trade restrictions and Customs Duties.

4. Establishment of Common Fund.

5. Implementation of Infrastructural Schemes.

4b) i)Language barrier
There are three languages used for communication within the ECOWAS bloc – English, French and Portuguese. For easy communication among members there is the need for individuals in the region to be able to speak these languages but this is proving to be difficult. 

ii) Widespread Poverty
Many of the member states of ECOWAS are among the poorest of the poor nations in the world. Many of their citizens earn less that a dollar a day. This, in a certain sense is preventing real economic integration of the sub-region while many continue to live in squalor and deprivation.

iii) Human Rights Abuses
Another problem of the ECOWAS group is the penchant of the member states to abuse the human rights of their citizens. The human rights records of some member states are nothing to write home about. 

iv) Financial problems
The aims and objectives of the ECOWAS can only be achieved when the financial base of the community is solid. However, some member states are not able to honour their financial obligations to the community. 

v) Strong External Influence
Many of the member states of ECOWAS were former colonies of some former colonial powers. Countries such as Britain, France and Portugal ever had a colony or two that now belong to the ECOWAS group. These member states are still controlled, to a certain extent, by their former colonial masters.

vi) Single currency
One of the aims of the community is to establish a monetary union for the entire region. This was aimed at culminating into a single currency for ECOWAS member states. However, the member states have not been able to meet the convergence criteria, all at the same time for the single currency to be issued.

1a)
(i) Favorable climate
(ii) Fertile soil
(iii) Natural attachment/Historical factors
(iv) Administrative headquarters
(v) employment opportunities
(vi) Presence of minerals

(1b)
(i) Large labour: High population provides large labour force for the industries

(ii) Large market : high population is a source of large market for goods produced by industries

(iii) Togetherness : many people are brought together and this can promote unity among diverse people in the country

(iv) Effective planning :with large population , concentration in an area , there is need for effective planning so that the towns can function properly

(v) Defense : Organized army in such areas is possible

GEOGRAPHY

(2a)
settlements are a city, town, village or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work

(2b) 
(i) isolated settlement consists of a single farm or house very remote from any other one, usually found in farming or hunting rural communities.

(ii) integrated nucleated and linear settlements combines the characteristics of both types of settlement and they are star-like.

(iii) linear or elongated settlement forms a straight or curved line, following a line of movement, such as a road, river, coastline or the foot of an elongated escarpment. 

(iv) dispersed settlement is made up of several houses, scattered or dispersed (as the name implies). One house may be up to one or more kilometers from the next.

(v) nucleated or compact settlement, the buildings are clustered, linked by roads, and the settlement itself may have a nearly circular or irregular shape.
.

4a)

1. Promotion of Cooperation and development.

2. Harmonization of Agricultural, Economic, Monetary and Industrial Policies.

3. Abolition of trade restrictions and Customs Duties.

4. Establishment of Common Fund.

5. Implementation of Infrastructural Schemes.

4b) i)Language barrier
There are three languages used for communication within the ECOWAS bloc – English, French and Portuguese. For easy communication among members there is the need for individuals in the region to be able to speak these languages but this is proving to be difficult. 

ii) Widespread Poverty
Many of the member states of ECOWAS are among the poorest of the poor nations in the world. Many of their citizens earn less that a dollar a day. This, in a certain sense is preventing real economic integration of the sub-region while many continue to live in squalor and deprivation.

iii) Human Rights Abuses
Another problem of the ECOWAS group is the penchant of the member states to abuse the human rights of their citizens. The human rights records of some member states are nothing to write home about. 

iv) Financial problems
The aims and objectives of the ECOWAS can only be achieved when the financial base of the community is solid. However, some member states are not able to honour their financial obligations to the community. 

v) Strong External Influence
Many of the member states of ECOWAS were former colonies of some former colonial powers. Countries such as Britain, France and Portugal ever had a colony or two that now belong to the ECOWAS group. These member states are still controlled, to a certain extent, by their former colonial masters.

vi) Single currency
One of the aims of the community is to establish a monetary union for the entire region. This was aimed at culminating into a single currency for ECOWAS member states. However, the member states have not been able to meet the convergence criteria, all at the same time for the single currency to be issued.

Answers uploaded by gamvibes solution

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GEOGRAPHY PRACTICAL ANSWERS LOADING ………….

GEOGRAPHY PRACTICAL

(5a)
Intrusive volcanic activity is when magma is forced into the rocks that make up the Earth’s crust.

(5b)
(i) Batholiths
(a) batholith has an irregular shape with side walls that incline steeply against the host rock.
(b) Batholiths are the largest example of intrusive volcanic features,
(c) Most batholiths intrude across mountain folds and are elongated along the dominant axis of the range; faulting and contact metamorphism of the enveloping rock near the batholith is also observed.

(ii) Dykes
(a) Dikes used to hold back water are usually made of earth
(b) dike is a flat body of rock that cuts through another type of rock.
(c) dike is a barrier used to regulate or hold back water from a river, lake, or even the ocean.

8a
Drought can be defined as a state of prolonged and abnormal moisture deficiency and a general state of dryness

8b

I. Drought treats plant life which leads to crop failure

Ii surface dreams or water may dry up

III it affects human being and life stock

8c

(I) Afforestation: The planting of trees does encourage formation or rain

(Ii) irrigation: The artificial application of water to soil encoirwges the growth of soil

(III) planting of cover crops does reduce evaporation and retain water in the soil

(I) Avoiding of over grazzing
(Ii) Drought restraint trees and crops should be plented
(III) legumes of grass should be planted
(Iv) they should be artificial simulation

7a). The five main groups are
A (tropical),
B (dry),
C (temperate),
D (continental),
and E (polar).

(Choose any 4)

8a
Drought can be defined as a state of prolonged and abnormal moisture deficiency and a general state of dryness

8b

I. Drought treats plant life which leads to crop failure

Ii surface dreams or water may dry up

III it affects human being and life stock

Iv it requires the planting of low moisture requirements crop

V it may leads to migration of plant and animal

Vi it makes land loose it’s bological and economic value

Vii it causes reduction in agriculturel products

Viii it caused refuses problem

Choose any 3✍️✍️

7a). The five main groups are
A (tropical),
B (dry),
C (temperate),
D (continental),
and E (polar).

(Choose any 4)

Answers uploaded by gamvibes

GEOGRAPHY

(4a)
plain is a flat expanse of land that generally does not change much in elevation.

(4b)
(i) Endless flat fields of grass.
(ii)Many are used for farming.
(iii) Cows also graze on plains.
(iv) The Plains found near oceans are Coastal Plains.
(v) The Plains found everywhere else are known as Interior Plains.

GEOGRAPHY PRACTICAL

(6a)
Environmental intervention is the use of force to deal with issues of ecological degradation, human security and sustainability.

(6b)
[Pick any three]
(i) Move the desks farther apart.
(ii) Use tape lines to designate activity-specific areas.
(iii) Use visual barriers where they are needed.
(iv) Increase or decrease the amount of limiting .
(vi) Put unnecessary items out of sight and, if possible, out of reach.

(6c)
(i) A (tropical)
(ii) B (dry)
(iii) C (temperate)
(iv) D (continental)
(v) E (polar).

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